What is a PHP web application?

    PHP is a server-side scripting language to create dynamic contents with the database. It allows easy connection to MySQL and PgSQL Databases and allows the webserver to run short programs called PHP scripts that retrieve updated information from a database and use it to generate a web page. Basically, PHP is used to develop Web Applications.PHP is an all-purpose scripting language designed to be used on the Internet for creating interactive components within websites or to build entire interactive websites.

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There are many cases that the developers require to recreate the codes they have already created. As time has passed, the complexity of websites has increased massively. Developers have to write hundreds and thousands of lines of code to create these websites, which is a tedious task and takes a lot of time.  Using PHP frameworks help them speed up the process by providing them with a foundation they can build upon. A PHP framework provides a basic structure for streamlining the development of web apps. The responsiveness of websites and applications built using PHP frameworks helps businesses fulfill their performance needs. The PHP frameworks provide well-organized and reusable code which can help you grow over time as web applications running on frameworks are easily scalable.

What are the most popular PHP frameworks?

In this article, top PHP frameworks are introduced with their pros and cons in order to help you as a developer select the best framework for your web application.


The most popular framework is Laravel due to its ability to handle complex web applications with additional security and speed when compared to other frameworks. It also simplifies the process of development by reducing the complexity of commons tasks, such as sessions, routing, queuing and authentication. This particular framework is famous for its elegant syntax, which is easy to understand and a pleasure to work with. With Lavarel, you can get to work on your projects rapidly Laravel simplifies the development process by easing common tasks such as routing, sessions, caching, and authentication. Overall, Laravel packs all the functionality you’ll need to build a modern PHP application, which is saying a lot. It also runs tasks asynchronously in the background to improve performance. Laravel is highly expressive, and its speed and security are in line with expectations for a modern web application. For developers who want to build B2B or enterprise websites that will evolve with changing web trends, Laravel is the way to go.


Another PHP framework used for developing dynamic websites and web applications is CodeIgniter modules that help with constructing robust and reusable components. Key features include an MVC architecture, top-notch error handling, inbuilt security tools, and simple and excellent documentation. This approach is well-liked among developers because it enables you to build highly-scalable web applications with a smaller footprint. Because of its fast pace, it offers solid performance to develop lightweight applications run on simple servers. This framework is not a proper option for a high-level security application because of its irregular releases.

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Symphony is one of the very first choices of developers because of its available reusable libraries and component using which you can complete a variety of tasks such as authentication, templating, object configuration and much more. Due to its high flexibility, it provides a bundle and component system that lets you choose the functions you need or use the framework entirely. It also has built-in testing functionality. The Symfony security mechanism is a bit difficult to use. And, because it lets developers “do it all,” it can be slower than other frameworks.


CakePHP is another framework that is simple and elegant. It lets you create visually impressive, feature-loaded websites. It also has CRUD (create, read, update, and delete) framework which makes it one of the easiest frameworks to learn. It is also a good choice for commercial applications due to security features that include SQL injection prevention, input validation, cross-site request forgery (CSRF) protection, and cross-site scripting (XSS) protection. Along with that, CakePHP offers a wonderful set of libraries that include a lot of helpful components.


Zend also referred as a ‘glue’ framework is another component-based nature framework. It is an MVC-based, object-oriented framework that lets you load only the components you want as individual libraries. Thanks to this approach and the framework’s object-oriented nature, you should be able to reuse a lot of the code you write, which is always great news. Extendable due to features such as interfaces and inheritance, Zend is built on agile methodology, aiming to deliver high-quality applications at an enterprise level. Zend offers high customizability and stands with PHP’s top practices, which is highly beneficial for developers who wish to incorporate project-specific functions. Zend framework packs feature such as an easy to use drag and drop editor, coding tools, online debugging tools and a scalable interface useful for complicated websites. However, the Zend framework is considered one of the most difficult frameworks to learn.

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Phalcon, a full-stack PHP framework, was originally written in C and C++. It employs the MVC web architecture design pattern and is also very light on resources.  The framework itself has almost no files once you install it. Instead, you just add the modules and libraries you need when you need them, which makes for a very organized development process. Unlike other frameworks, Phalcon optimizes performance due to its efficient memory utilization.


FuelPHP is another framework, supporting the MVC design pattern which has its own version called the hierarchical model view controller (HMVC). With HMVC, unlike with MVC, content doesn’t need to duplicate to show on multiple pages. As a result, it consumes less time and memory. FuelPHP helps developers deliver end-to-end web solutions that are diverse in size and complexities.

Mentioned above are just a number of the popular PHP frameworks and of course, there are other frameworks you can use in your developing process. Using frameworks simplifies this process and reduces the workload in developing a web application. Each of these frameworks has its own weakness and advantages that you have to choose based on your project needs and factors such as security, scalability, documentation, ease of use, etc.

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