A web application framework is a software tool that supports the development of web application. Web frameworks provide a way to automate activities in web development. In the early days of web development, all applications were hand-coded, and only the developer of a certain app could change or deploy it. many web frameworks provide libraries for database access and promote code reuse. As a result, you don’t need to write code on your own and waste time looking for possible miscalculations and bugs. Their variety is now working well for both static and dynamic web pages. You can choose one framework that covers all your needs or merge several, depending on your task. There are two main functions of frameworks: to work on the server-side (backend), or on the client-side (frontend), corresponding to their type.
What is the Frontend Framework?
Frontend frameworks deal mostly with the external part of a web application. Briefly, it’s what a user sees when they open the app. client-side frameworks have nothing to do with business logic. Their work takes place inside the browser. Thus, one can improve and implement new user interfaces. Each of the client-side frameworks differs in function and use. Top frontend frameworks can be listed as:
What is the Backend Framework?
On the other hand, Backend frameworks allow you to create simple pages, landings, and forms of different types. However, in order to build a web application with a well-developed interface, you should have a wider functionality. These frameworks can also form the output data and improve security in case of web attacks. All of these can definitely simplify the development process. Server-side frameworks work mostly on particular but important details without which an application can’t work properly. Here are top backend frameworks:
Laravel is an open-source PHP framework that follows the MVC architectural pattern. A lot of social networking, news sites, and content management systems are built using this framework. It’s an intuitive framework that uses database migrations, ORM composers, templating, etc., to enhance PHP development. It eases the process of authentication and caching. Moreover, it supports a built-in mechanism to create an API, which makes routing a lot easier. The primary security measure that Laravel facilitates is ‘Hashed Passwords.’ It ensures that a user’s password is not shown as text but is concealed behind a hash. The framework also secures users from vulnerabilities such as cross-site scripting, SQL injection, dubious cookies, etc.
Django is another backend framework based on Python used in building web application. Django pursues the MVT model. For the most part, complex and information-driven sites are manufactured utilizing this structure. The framework gives better safety efforts when it comes than overseeing passwords and client accounts. It is one of the popular frameworks due to its modern view on problem-solving and constant improvements. Among the main advantages of Django are its flexibility, scalability, and universal use. It possesses numerous packages and has an extensive community and thorough technical documentation. Websites using Django: Disqus, Pinterest, Instagram, Quora.
Ruby on rails Framework
Ruby on rails is the most famous framework used by developers. It is a web application framework that watches a push-based MVC engineering. The system is open-source, allowed to utilize and keeps running on Linux. Ruby on Rails is an extremely productive web application framework that one can develop an application at least ten times faster with Rails than a typical Java framework. This web framework has a wide spectrum of uses, including solving very complicated development problems. RoR offers many tools and great libraries that reduce development time. The framework is also big on test automation which is a valuable feature for software quality. With RoR, you can create cloud-based applications, social networking platforms, and many other types of web platforms.
By introducing some top web application development framework, you have to decide which one to choose based on your needs and projects requirements. Therefore, you have to consider all the advantages and disadvantages of each framework and then try to choose the proper one. Don’t be scared to pick up a framework and start working on it, it will certainly give you an insight about how things are done and you’ll find many similarities between frameworks, even across different languages in the same category. Remember that big companies are always migrating and trying new stuff all the time, so there’s no such thing as a dead end.