There are some fundamental topics you need to consider as a developer before creating a mobile application. You need to consider the language used for app development, the cost of this process, and the platforms you can use to develop your app.
There are some steps you have to do before starting the development process:
1. Plan Your App Idea
Every app starts with an idea. It doesn’t need to be big, ground-breaking or clever. Just an idea is good enough. Sketch out your app idea with pen and paper. The goal is to make the idea tangible. You define how your app works and what its features are before you start developing the app. It’s as simple as that.
2. Do Some Market Research
Market research is often skipped over by app developers, even though it’s an important part of making an app. Before you make an app, you want to know if your app idea is any good. Questions you need to research about are: Who is your app for? What are they like? How does your app impact a particular problem that users are struggling with? How are they currently solving that problem?
3. Create Mockups of Your App
It’s best to make mockups before you start to build the app. A mockup is a rough sketch of your app’s layout, user interfaces (UIs) and flow. A mockup shows you what an app looks like, without distracting you with unnecessary details. It’s a functional instead of an aesthetic approach to your app’s design. When you’re making an app for a client or employer, creating a mockup is a good opportunity to show them the end result before building the app.
4. Make Your App’s Graphic Design
Your app’s design includes pixel-perfect visual details, graphic effects, image assets, and sometimes even animations and motion design. You can use a design template specially made for iOS apps to save time. Use the template’s building blocks to create your own design, and then customize them after. Some of these templates are:
- NOW, TETHR and DO by InVision
- iOS 11 iPhone GUI from Facebook
- Stark UI kit by Baianat
- Stitch by Lina Seleznyova
- Phoenix by Adrian Chiran
- Apply Pixels by Michael Flarup
5. Build Your App Landing Page
You should at least create a landing page for your app, and ideally before you build your app. This is an opportunity to connect with potential app users early on. As an app developer, you want to create a connection between you and a prospect customer, so that a conversation can happen. Such a conversation can then lead to a user trying out your app or becoming a custom.
Choose the language to build an android app
The differences between the various Android programming languages can be a little complex. Choosing which one to start with requires an understanding of their individual strengths and weaknesses.
he languages you might consider learning for Android development include:
- Java: The first and most popular option is Java. Java is the official language of Android development, meaning it is the one that has the most support from Google and the one that most apps on the Play Store are built with. Java code is run by a “virtual machine,” which runs on Android devices and interprets the code.
- Kotlin: Like Java, Kotlin runs on the Java Virtual Machine. It’s also completely interoperable with Java and doesn’t cause any slow down or increase in file sizes. It also does away with errors like null point exceptions and even excuses you from ending every line with semicolons. Kotlin is definitely an easier starting point for beginners, and the fact that you can still use Android Studio is a big plus.
- C/C++: Android Studio also supports C++ with the use of the Java NDK. This allows for native coding applications, which can be handy for things like games. C++ is more complicated though.
- C#: C# is a slightly more beginner-friendly alternative to C or C++ that obfuscates more code. It’s supported by some very handy tools like Unity and Xamarin which are great for game development and for cross-platform development.
- BASIC: A bonus option is to learn BASIC and try the B4A IDE from Anywhere Software. This is an easy but powerful tool, though definitely much more niche!
- Corona/LUA: Another cross-platform tool builds on LUA. It massively simplifies the app-building process and allows you to call native libraries.
App development software platforms
Some of the most popular platforms used by developers to build an android app are listed below:
1. Appery.io: Appery is a cloud-based mobile app builder that you can use to create apps for Android or iOS, and it includes Apache Cordova (Phone Gap), Ionic, and jQuery Mobile with access to its built-in components. It has a lot to offer: neat visual editor, multiple integrations (including 3rd party services), m-commerce features, music, and video players, GPS-based directions and notifications, shopping cart, etc.
2. TheAppBuilder: TheAppBuilder provides a suite of apps to suit employees, clients, events, and brochures, with two different approaches available. This might be the platform to go with if you are designing an app as an intranet for a company. You can build the app using the online toolkit, and either the training provided or TheAppBuilder itself will work with you to define and build the structure of the app and populate it with initial content.
3. GoodBarber: This app development software platform works for native (iOS/Android) apps, HTML5, but the prime focus remains on progressive web apps (PWA). For any of the platforms, you can control every detail of the app without writing out a single line of code. Several highly customizable design templates are available to get started, with plenty of beautiful icons and access to Google Fonts.
4. Appy Pie: Appy Pie is a cloud-based DIY mobile app creation tool that allows users without programming skills to create an app for almost any platform and publish it. There’s nothing to install or download — just drag and drop pages to create your own mobile app online.