Apple devices have become one of the most popular devices among users. Apple iPhone and iPad products have become the standard of mobile smartphones and tablets. Apple Watch is one of the most-sold smartwatches in the world. All of these Apple devices are powered by Apple’s operating system, iOS. These devices compel developers to create new-age apps. But in order to design and develop such apps, developers require right set of tools which can take their iOS development a level ahead. They have to know the programming languages used for iOS development and the platforms they can use in the development process.
What programming languages can be used to develop iOS mobile apps?
The most popular languages used to develop an iOS application are:
Objective C was the primary language of Apple iOS mobile apps. Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that brings Smalltalk flavor to C programming language. Message passing among objects is a key feature of Objective-C that became really useful for Apple iOS operating systems. Objective-C is a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime. Objective-C inherits the syntax, primitive types, and flow control statements of C and adds syntax for defining classes and methods. It also adds language-level support for object graph management and objects literals while providing dynamic typing and binding, deferring many responsibilities until runtime.
Swift is the primary programming language of the iOS operating system. Swift was developed and launched by Apple in 2014. Besides iOS, Swift is also a programming language of macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux and z/OS. Objective C being 30 years old, the language did not support modern needs. Swift is a modern programming language that provides modern language features such as dynamic, safe, late binding, and extensibility. Swift is a highly recommend language for building your new iOS, tvOS, and watchOS platforms. iOS Development with Swift 4 includes ARKit, CoreML, App Design and much more.
C# is a simple, modern, flexible, object-oriented, safe, and open-source programming language. C# is one of the most versatile programming languages in the world. C# allows developers to build all kind of applications including Windows clients, consoles, Web apps, mobile apps, and backend systems.
C# developers can build native iOS and Android mobile apps with the help of Xamarin. Xamarin is a tool as a part of Visual Studio which allows developers to write C# code that is compiled to native iOS and native Android binaries. These binaries work exactly as any native app is written using other iOS and Android languages, such as Swift or Kotlin.
Python is one of the most popular programming languages of recent times. Python is an open-source, high-level, general-purpose programming language. Python is a dynamic programming language which supports object-oriented, imperative, functional and procedural development paradigms. Python is very popular in machine learning programming.
C++ is one of the oldest and most popular programming languages. In Android development, C++ is used to build APIs and backend tasks. There are several popular built-in C++ libraries available for iOS developers to use in their apps.
HTML 5 combines with CSS and other technologies can be used to build iOS hybrid apps. These apps are not native apps. Hybrid apps wrap around a browser control and use HTML and CSS to render pages within the apps.
Useful tools for iOS application development
There are many useful tools that developers can use in their app development process. In the list below, some of these tools are mentioned and briefly described.
XCode is an official IDE for Swift which is developed by Apple. This tool is widely used by almost every iOS developer. By using XCode you can develop application for iPhone, Mac, iPad, Apple Watch, and Apple TV. XCode is fast and consistently smooth tool for iOS development.
3. Code Runner
One of the popular, widely used IDE is Code Runner. It is easy-to-use, advanced and highly flexible programming editor for iOS development. It supports numerous languages including Swift, Objective-C, and C++. This tool is a lightweight and fast tool that can help you to debug your code with a breakpoint.
Testflight is a native framework which is used for testing Apple product. By using this product, you can invite the users for the beta testing of your Application. You can invite 10,000 testers using this application.
RxSwift is one of the popular and most recommended libraries for asynchronous programming. It’s a reactive programming library which is used to program dynamic apps that respond to data changes and user event.
Fabric is a mobile platform tool which helps you to develop better apps. It is tightly integrated into your software development environment which let you easily integrate new services. Fabric is a fast and powerful crash reporting tool and it will automate your beta application distribution and deployment process.
Mockingbird is used at the early stage of the application development process. It will help you to create visual clickable wireframe and prototype of your application. It allows you to link multiple pages, and let you change the color, font size, alignment then you further share your wireframe of application with others.
This tool is actually a plugin that enhances working with colors in the project. It provides access to the custom colors that are defined in the code. It allows you to share the color pallet in the file which is accessible via writing suitable methods accordingly.
This is a great iOS mobile app development tool. Basically, it is rendered by the Swift programming language that keeps up with the language mailing list on iPhones and iPads. It provides both online and offline view as well as support for message threading for the conversation.
10. Hotfix Native iOS Apps
This tool can help you push the code levels to native Objective-C apps instantly. It enables direct access to the app’s methods and patches them by delivering app alert messages.